Back to Top

Procedure for implementing scientific and technical programs changing in Belarus

Procedure for implementing scientific and technical programs changing in Belarus

2019 Return back

Procedure for implementing scientific and technical programs changing in Belarus

Procedure for formation and implementation of scientific and technical programs in Belarus will change. Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology, Alexander Shumilin told journalists today that this is stipulated by Resolution No.252 of the Council of Ministers of April 19, 2019, BelTA reports.

Thus, from October 25 of the current year, state expert boards of correlated profile will act as competitional commissions for projects (previously, coordination boards were formed for the SCST selection). A rule was introduced according to which a preliminary list of tasks is formed taking into account the availability of patent and marketing research. It is not only scientific novelty that is stressed, but the necessity of marketing study of the demand for products. “Unfortunately, the scientific process takes a long time, and it is not unusual for market to change dramatically while the novelty is being created. Nobody needs the product anymore then. That is why it is a mandatory requirement nowadays to conduct marketing research before investing state resources. This will be one of the conditions for receiving funds,” explained Alexander Shumilin.

In addition, the tasks drafts submitted to the competition and the state scientific and technical expertise are to be agreed with the state administration bodies. Issues of responsibility, accountability and monitoring of program implementation have been regulated as well. For the first time, significant external circumstances have been identified that relieve the performer from liability when the obligations to produce innovative products are not met. These include emergencies, the adoption of legislation, decisions of international organizations that prohibit or restrict the manufacture or sale of certain goods, the death of an individual owning property rights to the results of development, declaring him incompetent, liquidating a legal entity producing goods created on the basis of innovations, and others. “Previously, budget funds allocated for development were recognized as inefficiently used and were subject to unconditional return in case of failure to meet the obligations in terms of output. That failed to allow scientists to take on worthwhile breakthrough developments that carry great risks. Therefore, the mechanism for exemption from the refund when there are objective reasons was introduced,” explained Alexander Shumilin.

Decisions on exemption from liability are made by the state customer in agreement with the State Committee on Science and Technology. Controversial points may be revised by the Commission on State Science and Technology Policy at the Council of Ministers. Resolution No. 252 also specifies the procedure for processing the results of the acceptance of work, and responsibility for the accuracy of information. In general, this change make it more attractive to participate in scientific and technical programs by reducing risks when commercialization is not possible. The aim is to achieve the desired effect from the implementation of scientific and technical tasks. In 2019, Belarus implemented 17 state, 10 sectoral and 6 regional science and technological programs. Br76.7 million, including Br39.8 million from budgetary sources, are planned to be allocated for work. Among the most significant projects are the development of technology for surface electromagnetic hardening of suspension parts for BelAZ automobiles, the series of microcircuits in JSC Integral, and new varieties of potatoes.