Good ideas are expensive
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Good ideas are expensive
Traditionally, on the last Saturday of June, the country celebrates the Day of the Inventor and Innovator. This is a special holiday, because our country is famous for its intellectual capital. For example, the National Academy of Sciences in 2020 delivered its products to the markets of 17 EU countries. In addition, the Academy was one of the largest contractors in the State Program for Innovative Development for 2016-2020: 11 projects were successfully implemented. In the total volume of sold products, the share of innovative products is 33.9 percent. On the eve of the holiday «Respublika» learned what support is being provided to scientists and how innovators will surprise us in the near future.
Developers are always on the road
Space exploration, digital geoinformation technologies, industrial and household robotics, personalized medicine, cybersecurity and green technologies - all these issues are dealt with by our scientists. Over the past year alone, more than four thousand titles of protection were issued for inventions, industrial designs and other objects of intellectual property. About 600 contracts for the transfer and granting of rights to these objects have been registered.
— Recently, the most popular areas are medicine, pharmacy and organic chemistry. The need for them is dictated by the time itself, — listed the relevant for the development of the industry Chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology Alexander Shumilin . — I would like to note that over the past few years there has been an increase in the quality of patented inventions. In particular, the number of transactions in relation to developments is increasing, the economic effect of their use has increased, as well as the export of services in the field of payment for the use of intellectual property. The difference is more than five times compared to 2012.
A pleasant trend: young people are more and more actively involved in the scientific process. The SCST is actively promoting this. For example, technoparks play an important role in enhancing inventive potential. These are platforms where young people can realize themselves. As a result, minds do not flow abroad.
— Currently, there are 16 technology parks and nine technology transfer centers. Technoparks have been created in all regional centers of our country without exception, as well as in Pinsk, Novopolotsk, Gorki, Lyakhovichi district. Their creation is planned in Baranovichi, Borisov, Bobruisk, Orsha and Molodechno, — listed functioning sites Alexander Shumilin. — The network of TISCs (technology and innovation support centers) is also actively expanding. This is an international project with the assistance of the World Intellectual Property Organization, the purpose of which is to develop the innovative potential of countries and regions through the provision of information and scientific and methodological support for users of the services of the centers in the field of scientific, scientific, technical and innovative activities.
Now there are 13 TISCs in the country: one each at the Republican Scientific and Technical Library and in all regional centers on the basis of its branches, at the Belarusian State University, Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics, Vitebsk State Medical University, Polesie State University, Polotsk State University, in the industrial park "Great Stone" and the National Center for Intellectual Property. In the near future, it is planned to open several more centers on the basis of higher education institutions and libraries of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.
— This service, as the work of the first centers in the country has shown, is in demand among our inventors and innovators, as well as students. In 2020, only in the Center for Technology and Innovation Support of the National Center for Intellectual Property, more than 4500 consultations of legal entities and individuals were held on the issues of registration, protection and transfer of rights to intellectual property, — emphasized the interest of scientists Alexander Shumilin. — I would like to note that one of the most important characteristics of the development is its relevance in the national economy. Now the creation of innovative developments aimed at technological innovation has intensified. It is an effective tool for generating income when commercializing your own developments.
In the new state program for innovative development until 2025, digital information and communication technologies of scientific, scientific, technical and innovative activities are identified as a priority. Thus, the draft program provides for the modernization of production facilities using modern digital solutions of Industry 4.0, including the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and machine learning, 3D design, big data and much more, which allows to form a digital production ecosystem of the state.
Water is the head of everything
No wonder the National Academy of Sciences is called the cradle of development and innovation. The tree of its numerous institutes annually bears fruit in the form of the most interesting developments. “R” visited the Institute of Physical and Organic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and found out what they are working on now. Told about the developments Head of the Laboratory of Ion Exchange and Sorption of the State Scientific Institution "Institute of Physical and Organic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus" Evgeny Kosandrovich.
Increased interest in ecology and environmental friendliness is now not only among those specializing in this topic. Many manufacturers have also taken care of this problem. Especially those who are engaged in the production of water filters. There is no way without guaranteed security. In the middle of the last century, people started talking about ion-exchange materials in the form of fibers. The main problem was their practical application. Then there were quite complex and ineffective syntheses, and an economically profitable sphere of use was not found. It seemed easier to postpone research on ion exchange fibrous materials for later. But our scientists (by the way, one of the few who kept the ion-exchange school) did not give up. Here is the result.
— One of our developments is a recipe for active loading of water filters. Innovation is that we use modern materials. We often study their properties ourselves in the laboratory. The composition of some active loads, which also purify water from various chemical contaminants, include ion-exchange fibrous materials, — describes one of the brainchilds of the institute Yevgeny Kosandrovich. —We are still working in this area, bringing in more and more new elements. In particular, the latest changes include a number of new fibrous ion exchangers. They are promising for use in the field of water purification, the most effective in air purification. In addition, a number of methods have been proposed for obtaining fibrous ion-exchange materials - more environmentally friendly, economical and fast..
Fertile tissue for space
Now one of the main directions for scientists of the laboratory of ion exchange and sorption is ion-exchange substrates for growing plants. There are several possible applications for this kind of material. For example, they can be used to grow plants at alien stations or in zero gravity aboard a spacecraft.
— For the latter, the soil must be made in the form of a textile product - fabric. Fibrous ion exchanger is saturated with all the elements that the plant needs. For people only watering. We plant the plant in tissue and thus eliminate the likelihood of scattering of soil particles in the compartment of the ship in zero gravity and getting them into technological equipment or the respiratory tract of astronauts, — draws an entertaining sphere of using the development Evgeny Kosandrovich. — Ion exchange substrates will also be useful for restoring the fertility of degraded soils or barren sands. Traditional methods that could be used do not work here. The fertilizers introduced there are washed out at the first watering. The application of peat and the like is not economically feasible. The introduction of small additives of ion-exchange soils makes it possible to grow plants on barren sands and to form landscape units. The third possible direction of use is small-sized greenhouses, greenhouses. Now we sell from the institute to the market about 500 kilograms of this product per month.
It is interesting that when using ion-exchange substrates, the plant receives those elements that it lacks in the right amount. Why is this happening?
— Nothing can be washed out of the ion exchanger saturated with nutrients. Ionic materials release substances outward only when they receive something in return. By the root system, the plant excretes metabolites of its vital activity. This is mainly a hydrogen ion (proton) or an anion of carbonic acid. Ionic soil absorbs its metabolite, releasing the nutrient in exchange.
Speaking in the language of analogies, the root is like a buyer, ion-exchange soil is a seller, metabolites are money. How much you pay, you get so much food. Continuing the financial theme, I would like to note: now scientists understand that developments must be in demand. And with the right handling of your invention, successful monetization can become a significant bonus. Moreover, both for the minds and for the national economy as a whole. And here it is important to promptly suggest possible ways to implement ambitious plans.