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"How to make money on innovation?", an interview with Alexander Shumilin for newspaper "7 days"

"How to make money on innovation?", an interview with Alexander Shumilin for newspaper "7 days"

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"How to make money on innovation?", an interview with Alexander Shumilin for newspaper "7 days"

What do we expect from Belarusian products? So that it was no worse than a foreign one and at the same time cheaper. Are domestic goods able to meet the consumer's dream? What role do innovative business and scientists play in this? On the eve of Science Day, which is celebrated on January 26, we asked the chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology, Doctor of Economic Sciences Alexander Shumilin.

Knowledge Intensity of GDP

- Of course, improving the quality of life of people is impossible without the appearance of competitive - best in price and quality - domestic products. And related medical and other services. What is needed to keep up with progress? To open enterprises, including innovative ones. And the traditional ones got new technologies. These two principles are laid down in the State Program for Innovative Development. It included 121 projects to create new industries.

An important basis for the implementation of this state program was the annual stable growth of the knowledge-intensive GDP. Only in 2018, the costs of research, experimental design and technological developments amounted to 739.3 million rubles. Over 3 years they have grown in comparable prices by 55.5%. But we must admit that there is not always enough money for science and the introduction of developments in the state budget. And here the real sector of the housekeeper enters the scene. Almost 60% of scientific and innovative projects are paid by customers - enterprises of various industries. They are interested in the speedy implementation of scientific developments in their workshops, laboratories.

Feed the well-fed

- In which regions did the new points of economic growth “spelled out” by the innovative development program appear?

- Considering that the restaurant business has grown tremendously, in Baranavichy at the OAO «Torgmash» plant they started production of modern equipment for public catering. The product-related project, which, incidentally, has long become an important export component, was implemented by the well-known milk-canning factory in Rogachev. They launched an innovative technology for packing condensed milk in Flow-Packs, which makes it possible to further terminate milk.

Thanks to participation in the innovation program, the «Lokhva» fishery from the Mogilev region has mastered a new technology for packaging chilled fish in shrink film in a modified gas environment. She significantly increased the shelf life of such an expensive product as trout.

Creating modern packaging, do not forget about its processing. A manufacturer from the village of Kostyukovka near Gomel organized industrial processing of glass.

Our answer to the Asians

- Thanks to participation in the national program of innovative development, other sectors of the economy received new growth incentives?

- Light industry. For many years, the industry was losing to the same Asian import of knitwear and clothing. The state financially supported a number of light industry technological projects. So, at OAO «Ruchayka» they organized the production of materials impregnated with PVC compositions. OAO «Vitebsk kovry» began to produce polypropylene yarns.

A new era in domestic instrumentation was opened by the B.I. Stepanov Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences. They produce high-tech export-oriented products - optical components and laser systems with a new generation of diode pumping.

Do not forget, new industries are new jobs. In 2019, with the financial support of the state, only in the framework of the innovative development program, more than 1.8 thousand of them appeared.

Matter in the dose

- Tell us about the projects of the program, which can be classified as especially important for the country's economy.

- In this list, of course, under No. 1 is the completion of the construction of the first stage of the Belarusian atomic electro station. One cannot but note the creation of two families of new technology at the «Adani» metropolitan enterprise: low-dose diagnostic medical systems and similar security systems used at airports, stadiums, etc.

Republican Scientific Practical Center for Pediatric Surgery developed and introduced into clinical practice new methods for the treatment of heart and intestines for the country. The Institute of Physical and Organic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus has mastered the industrial production of microfertilizer «Nanoplant», which is important for increasing field yields.

OAO «Integral» developed and introduced a revolutionary technology for packaging, which allows the production of integrated circuits according to submicron design standards.

The scientific and technological park BNTU «Polytechnic» (Minsk) organized the production of two types of 3D printers: general industrial use - for hard plastics and food for liquid-viscous components such as confectionery glazes and creams.

In Miory (Vitebsk region), the construction of a plant for the production of brand-new products for Belarus, such as tinplate, is nearing completion.

Bypassed the Scandinavians

- Alexander Gennadievich, evaluate the success of Belarus in the export of domestic high-tech products.

- Deliveries of high-tech and knowledge-based products abroad in 2019, according to preliminary results, amounted to about $ 15 billion. Belarus is significantly ahead of all EEC states in the share of exports of such goods (which is more than 35% of all sales to other countries). For example, in Russia this indicator is 2 times less - 17%.

We are ahead even of such EU countries as Norway (29.4%), Lithuania (31.6%), Bulgaria (32.0%). At the same time, in 2019, they began to supply 80 new subheadings of goods of a high technological level. Among them are workshop cars, cranes, tamping machines, CNC machines, marine engines, elevators and conveyors for underground work.

The share of exports and knowledge-intensive services has grown: from 9.7% in 2011 to 28.5% in 2019. More than others, the ICT sector has excelled here. In 2019, its share increased by almost 25%, and the volume of exports in monetary terms by the end of the year amounted to about $ 2 billion.While for Europe, this indicator averages 11.4%. Five countries of Europe, except Belarus, managed to achieve the best indicators in this matter: Ireland (43.8%), Finland (26.2%), Sweden (19.3%), Romania (19.0%), Cyprus (18 , 6%). In short, only Ireland is better than us here.

In conclusion, we note that the share of high-tech domestic goods in total foreign sales in 2019 was the highest in the history of statistical observations. And the chances for science and innovative business to strengthen their positions in this direction are very good.

Source: 7 days.