Medicine, ICT and mechanical engineering - what will be a priority for Belarus for the next five years
Interview Просмотров: 7 Return back
Medicine, ICT and mechanical engineering - what will be a priority for Belarus for the next five years
Belarus has identified common priorities for the development of science and innovation until 2025. According to decree No. 156, special attention will be paid to information, medical, biological, engineering and agricultural technologies. Priorities also include energy, construction and the environment. About what high-tech projects it is planned to implement in the next five years, BelTA learned from Alexander Shumilin, Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology.
Priorities for the development of science were built on the basis of a comprehensive forecast of scientific and technological progress for the years 2021-2025 and for the period until 2040, sectoral and regional development plans and strategies. The opinions of scientists and business were taken into account. When choosing priorities, the experience of the EAEU and non-CIS countries was studied.
According to Alexander Shumilin, priority areas and innovative activities in Belarus are in the trend of development of science and technology along with such highly developed countries as the USA, Germany, Japan, France, Great Britain, China and Sweden. “For example, in the United States and some EU countries, as well as in Belarus, digital technologies, biology, chemistry, medicine and pharmaceuticals have become development priorities. The priorities of the American leadership strategy in the field of advanced production have identified areas such as strengthening opportunities for rural development farms and obtaining food products, the development of materials and processing technologies, and this is of paramount importance for us as well: energy, ecology, rational nature management, ensuring human security ka, societies and states - all this is also relevant for Germany, Sweden, France, Japan and China, ”he said.
Taking into account common priorities, the concept of the State Program for Innovative Development of Belarus for 2021-2025 was developed. According to the chairman of the SCST, project customers are now preparing business plans for their inclusion in the state program. The plans for the next five years include activities in different directions. For example, CJSC Belarusian National Biotechnology Corporation will continue to implement an investment project to create high-tech full-cycle agro-industrial production for 2016-2032.
For the aerospace and defense industries, they plan to develop technologies and produce high-tech products from composite materials. It is also planned to organize in Belarus a high-tech export-oriented production of new-generation diode-pumped optical components and laser systems. Particular emphasis will be placed on engineering. The state program may include a project for the production of automotive components that meet the requirements of environmental standards Euro-5, Euro-6 and above, for promising models of passenger, commercial, cargo, agricultural and special vehicles.
In Minsk, they plan to build a diagnostic, ward, operational and resuscitation building for the creation of a center of hybrid cardiac surgery in the RSPC "Cardiology". In addition, the new state program intends to include the organization of production of original bioresorbable multifunctional drugs, as well as drugs based on recombinant technologies and fractionation of blood plasma. The plans also include the organization of a stem cell bank, valve and vascular allografts at the Minsk Scientific and Practical Center for Surgery, Transplantology and Hematology. It is supposed to create new productions in the Republican Scientific and Practical Center for Transfusiology and Medical Biotechnology and RPE Akadempharm. It is planned to include regional projects in the innovation program. Among them - the creation of a medical and social rehabilitation center for the elderly and the disabled using robotic technology (Uzden Central District Hospital) and the construction of a heart surgery building in the Mogilev Regional Hospital.
“The development of medical technologies is of particular importance, especially in the current conditions. I must note that a lot has been done in recent years. Eight projects have been implemented in the field under the current state program for innovative development. New production facilities have been set up at the Borisov plant of medical preparations and OOO "Pharmtechnology" medications that meet all international standards, and in some respects surpass the best world analogues.In the Republican Scientific and Practical Center for Pediatric Surgery, new methods for providing medical care have been developed and introduced. omoschi significantly reduce mortality rate and disability in children ", - noticed Alexander Shumilin.
OOO "Electronmash Plant" now produces new-generation artificial heart valves with improved characteristics, the Institute of Microbiology of the National Academy of Sciences - enzymes for the synthesis of medicinal substances. A scientific and production complex in the Adani Unitary Enterprise has also been created to develop, produce and service new medical equipment for Belarus.
In the near future, it is planned to bring four more productions to the design capacity. Among them - the innovation and production center for the production of medical devices (BNTU together with the Technopark Polytechnic) and the pilot industrial production of oral antitumor drugs (RUE Belmedpreparaty).
The EEC zeroed the customs duty on electric cars, the head of state signed a decree providing for exemption from VAT and other benefits. All this creates favorable conditions for increasing consumer demand. Belarusian developers and manufacturers also did not pass this direction, which is important to reduce the environmental burden. For example, in Belarus, Vityaz OJSC is setting up a modern production facility for the production of charging infrastructure facilities for electric vehicles. They plan to complete the implementation of the project in 2021.
The National Academy of Sciences is developing a project for the integrated development of electric transport in the near future. It is planned that a promising model range of such equipment will be created in Belarus. In addition, scientific and engineering potential in this area will be developed.
There are 26 innovation infrastructure entities in Belarus: 16 technology parks, 9 technology transfer centers and the Belarusian Innovation Fund. The number of technology park residents since 2011 increased from 101 to 184. The network covers the capital and all regional centers. The creation of technology parks in large regional centers continues. Technoparks are already operating in Pinsk, Novopolotsk, Gorki and Lyakhovichi district. The plans are to create them in Baranovichi, Bobruisk, Borisov, Orsha and Molodechno.
“Significant efforts in the coming years will be aimed at improving the efficiency of technology parks. To do this, first of all, it is necessary to provide them with their own resources, which they can invest in developing the material and technical base, innovative projects of residents. For this, a special mechanism was developed for the formation of innovative development funds technoparks, which were tested in 2018-2019. Now we are improving this mechanism and are aimed at supporting startup projects, "said Alexander Shumilin.
As a result, each technology park should have its own fund, which means the opportunity not only to provide real estate for rent to residents, but also to provide financial support to small innovative entrepreneurship. This will allow transforming technology parks into full-fledged subjects of innovative development in the regions.
In the years 2021-2025 it is planned to form a network of technology transfer centers and spin-off companies based on scientific organizations and higher education institutions that will ensure the commercialization of the results of scientific and technical activities. Technoparks will develop as incubators of innovative entrepreneurship, that is, create technological infrastructure and expand platforms for creating business for students, undergraduates and graduate students. In addition, the plans include the creation of engineering organizations to support scientific and technical projects, the integrated implementation of technologies and project development.
Contribution to GDP
As the chairman of the SCST noted, high-tech industries are playing an increasingly important role in increasing GDP. And this applies both to industrial production and the service sector. In particular, in the structure of gross value added of the manufacturing industry, production of a high technological level makes up more than 40%. The contribution of the information and communications technology sector is increasing annually. If in 2009 its share in GDP was 2.5%, then by 2020 it had more than doubled.
“We are moving in several ways to increase the technological level of the national economy. The first one is the implementation of projects of the state program of innovative development. The second is the improvement of the national innovation system, that is, the creation of an enabling environment for the development of high-tech industries. In other words, indirect financial support for projects is actively developing mechanisms to stimulate innovation, "said Alexander Shumilin.
According to him, in recent years many decisions have been made aimed at improving the mechanisms of tax incentives for scientific, scientific, technical and innovative activities. In particular, the list of high-tech goods has been radically revised and significantly expanded, according to which their producers have the opportunity to free themselves from paying income tax. As a result, the production of such goods has significantly expanded in Belarus, and due to the growth of the tax base, the tax benefits provided are already significantly covered.
The international cooperation
The development of science and innovative technologies is impossible without cooperation with foreign experts. The CIS countries are actively developing cooperation in this area. For example, in Belarus, Russia and Kyrgyzstan they are implementing an interstate project in the field of medicine. The final product will be a test system for detecting antibodies to the hepatitis E virus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblotting using recombinant antigens. The work of scientific organizations of the three countries has already yielded positive results..
A draft of a new inter-state program of innovative cooperation of the Commonwealth states until 2030 has been developed. Countries plan to solve such problems as the commercialization of innovative products and increasing the export of innovative solutions, services and services of the CIS countries to global markets. The intergovernmental project includes 29 industrial and technological areas and strategic areas of cooperation, including healthcare, medicine and pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and genetics. “The Skolkovo Foundation, as the program operator, is constantly working on the selection of projects for inclusion in the program. Nine have already been agreed upon. The final list will be formed by August 1,” Alexander Shumilin explained.
Belarus has agreements on scientific and technical cooperation with more than 50 countries. A memorandum of cooperation was signed between the SCST and the Ministry of Science and Technology of the PRC. This enables the ministry to directly finance joint Belarusian-Chinese scientific and technical projects with the allocation of about $ 5 million every two years. The number of joint projects in recent years is growing.
Belarusian organizations are actively involved in the implementation of scientific programs of the European Union, which are funded by the European Commission. “We are consistently one of the five most active international partners of the Maria Sklodowska-Curie program. Since 2017, the activity of Belarusian scientists in COST, the oldest EU international cooperation program, has doubled. It helps to establish partnerships, expand professional networks, and promotes the growth of recognition of Belarusian researchers in the EU . During the implementation of the Horizon 2020 program, Belarusian scientists took part in 50 projects, they were provided with funding in the amount of about 7 million euros, "said the chairman l SCST.
The plans for the coming years are to increase exports and expand the geography of deliveries of Belarusian high-tech and high-tech products.