To monetize know-how? Easy!
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To monetize know-how? Easy!
Let us start with some statistics. In 1993–2019, the country's patent authorities received 33,613 applications for the patents grant of the Republic of Belarus for inventions: 308 international applications from national applicants and 1,720 for Eurasian patents. The main conditions for patenting: novelty, inventiveness, industrial applicability.
How are best minds creations in the country and abroad being identified, legalized, protected and monetized? On the eve of the International Intellectual Property Day, which is celebrated on April 26, we talked abouth this with the Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology, Doctor of Economic Sciences Alexander Shumilin.
- What types of property require protection and support?
- Intellectual property (IP) consists of several types: literary, artistic and industrial. The first two are objects of copyright and related rights. They are protected by the fact of their creation and do not require registration and any certificate.
Another thing is invention, utility models, industrial designs or achievements in breeding. They need a patent certifying authorship, the exclusive right to them. And there are trademarks, geographical indications (names). They also require registration and a certificate of ownership. Occasionally, new developments do not need a patent, but they protected as know-how in a trade secret regime.
Examination, registration of industrial property rights and the issuance of security documents in our country are carried out by the National Center for Intellectual Property (Patent Office), an organization subordinate to the SCST. The patent fund is kept in the Republican Scientific and Technical Library. The structure of the system also includes the first specialized court in the post-Soviet space. This is a judicial board on intellectual property of the Supreme Court. In addition, there are a number of important services as. For example, patent attorneys representing the interests of applicants. Their job is to safeguard and protect IP rights. And there are IP evaluators, public organizations and creative unions that represent the interests of authors, inventors, protect their rights.
- What is the procedure for obtaining a patent, say, for an invention?
- In order to obtain patent protection for inventions and developments, you must submit to the patent authority an application for the grant of a patent for an invention (development), as well as its description, claims, abstracts and drawings (if necessary). In addition, you must conduct two types of examination: preliminary and patent, and pay a fee. The patent one checks the compliance of an invention (development) with three conditions: industrial applicability, novelty, inventiveness. If the conditions of patentability are met, a decision is made to grant a patent for an invention.
- What are the examples of highly effective intellectual property?
- Today, this is intellectual capital, not equipment, that makes up the bulk of the many companies fixed capital It gives additional competitive advantages, including when creating and using innovative technologies and products. This is evidenced by the following fact: the export of computer services in Belarus in 2019 amounted to more than $ 2 billion (22% of the country's export). At the same time, the growth in imports in the services sector for the use of intellectual property in 2019 was only 2.2%. This indicates the demand for Belarusian developments abroad. Two more examples of successful practice. The Institute of Physical and Chemical Issues of BSU signed more than 40 licensing agreements, which brought about $ 400 thousand in revenue. Polatsk State University received 1 million euros of royalties from abroad for the development called “Device for express analysis of petroleum products”.
Source: 7 Days