National Innovation System

 

The National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus is an aggregate of legislative, structural and functional components ensuring the development of innovation activity in the Republic of Belarus.

The National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus is managed by the President of the Republic of Belarus, the  Council of Ministers, republican governments, the state governing bodies, the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, other state agencies, local governing bodies and self-governing authorities within the limits and in accordance with their powers.

The President of the Republic of Belarus:

̶  approves priority areas of scientific-technical activities in the Republic of Belarus

̶  approves priority areas of innovation policy

̶  approves very important innovation projects

̶  approves  (coordinates) innovation programs

̶  decides on the establishment of scientific-practical (production) centers

̶  regulates other important issues related to the management of the National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus

The Council of Ministers:

̶  approves priority areas of fundamental and applied  researches of the Republic of Belarus

̶  approves priority areas of creation and development of new and high technologies

̶  approves lists of state programs: comprehensive target programs of scientific-technical, fundamental and applied researches; scientific-technical programs (regional and branch-wise programs)

̶  ensures the implementation (realization) of the state innovation policy

National state governing bodies, the NAS of Belarus, other state organizations:

̶  develop proposals on the priorities of the state innovation policy involved in the program formation and implementation of various levels and innovation projects

̶  act as state customers of the scientific-technical programs and the programs of fundamental and applied researches

-  establish scientific, engineering and design and project organizations

-    monitor the implementation of innovation programs and projects financed by the national budget  and the target use of these funds

-   involved in the creation and development of innovation infrastructure

Local state governing bodies  and self-governing authorities:

̶  perform formation and implementation of  scientific-technical programs and innovation projects

̶  act as state customers of regional scientific-technical and other programs of innovation development of regions

̶  supervise the implementation of regional scientific-technical programs and innovation projects

̶  create and contribute to the creation and development of the innovation infrastructure

 

Load the diagram "National Innovation System in the Republic of Belarus."

 

Management Structure

Management of the National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus is carried out on the basis of a program-target method. This method supposes  an implementation of the programs (innovation projects) of various levels through the formation, adoption and enforcement.

The procedure of the formation and implementation of programs (innovative projects) of various levels is specified by the Council of Ministers in consultation with the President.

 

Funding of research, scientific- technical , innovation and other activities carried out by the following sources:

̶  national and (or) local budgets;

̶  own funds of organizations;

̶  loans;

̶  innovation funds;

̶  foreign investment;

̶  national fund for support of producers of agricultural products, food and agricultural sciences;

̶  other means in accordance with the legislation.

Information support of the functioning of the National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus is carried out by the state governing bodies in accordance with their competence within the state system of scientific-technical information through the publication of information materials about the innovations and innovation projects proposed for realization.

Staffing of the functioning of the National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus is carried out  through the training of high- qualified scientific workers, specialists of innovation management on the basis of the state order and on the initiative of economic entities.

Load a diagram "National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus. Management structure."

 

The Branch Level

The main functions and tasks of management of the National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus at the branch level:

̶  elaboration and implementation of the strategy of innovation development of the branches;

̶  ensuring of  financing of  the branch-wise innovation programs;

̶  enforcement and performance of the monitoring of innovation development indicators of the braches;

̶  implementation of the measures of the State Program;

̶  information and ideological support of innovation development of the branches;

̶  establishment  of the distribution network in the country and abroad;

̶  consolidation of the human resource potential of branch sciences;

̶  scientific-technical innovation branch development  forecasting;

̶  development of high-tech industries and enhancement of  their export potential.

Load a diagram "National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus. Government structure at the branch level."


The Regional Level

The main functions and tasks of management of the National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus at the regional level:

̶  development and implementation of a strategy of innovation development of the region;

̶  enforcement and performance of the  monitoring of innovation  development of the regions;

̶  coordination and implementation of the State Program in the region;

̶  information and ideological support of innovation development of the region;

̶  implementation of the programs and business plans of innovation development  of the regions, districts, cities and agricultural towns;

̶  assistance  in the development and implementation of targeted programs and business plans of innovation development of enterprises;

̶  establishment  and development of regional innovation structures;

̶  organizational and financial support for small and medium innovation enterprises and  enterprises of communal property;

̶  establishment of technology transfer centers and  industrial parks.

Load a diagram "National Innovation System of the Republic of Belarus. Governmentstructureattheregionallevel."